Anwar Fazal first became associated with the consumer movement in 1969 when he founded the Consumers Association of Penang (CAP) and later worked on consumer affairs for, among others, the Government of Mauritius, the Hong Kong Consumer Council, and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). In 1978, he was the first person from the Third World to become President of the International Organisation of Consumers Unions (IOCU), an independent, non-profit group which links the activities of consumer organisations in over half the countries of the world.
IOCU, which has since changed its name to Consumers International, promotes international cooperation in consumer protection and education, represents the consumer interest at the global level and facilitates the comparative testing of goods and services.
Fazal is also the founder of the Right Livelihood College (RLC)
RLC is a global capacity building initiative of the Right Livelihood Award Foundation and universities founded in 2009. By linking young academics and civil society organisations with Award recipients, the College spreads awareness about and further expands the pioneering work of the Laureates of the Right Livelihood Award. The College operates as a global network of campuses at universities. It currently has 9 campuses around the world.